Gender sensitive research in adult education: Looking back and looking forward to explore what is and what is missing in the research agenda
Despite legislation, policies and practice, and while some progress has been made in many countries, there are still no countries who have achieved a hundred per cent gender equality (Gender Equality Index, EIGE, 2019). Over the years this has included several supranational agreements and mandatory regulations signed by countries such as the Convention of the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW, 1979), the Platform of Beijing (1995), the Istanbul Convention (2011), and more recently the UN Sustainable Development Goals (2015), among others. The failure of these initiatives indicate that gender inequality, discrimination and prejudice suffered by women are embedded in structural unequal power relations. The ultimate goal of the ‘gender mainstreaming principle’ is the integration of a gender perspective into the preparation, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation policies, regulatory measures and spending programmes (including research ones), with a view to promoting gender equality between women and men, and combating discrimination.
CEDAW (1979). Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Available at: https://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CEDAW.aspx (accessed on 28th, February, 2020).
EIGE (2019). Gender Equality Index 2019: Still far from the finish line. Available at: https://eige.europa.eu/news/gender-equality-index-2019-still-far-finish-line (accessed on 1st, March, 2020).
Carvalho-Pinto, V. & Fleschenberg, A. (2019). As múltiplas inter-relações entre questões de género e a aquisição de status na arena internacional. ex aequo, 40, 9-14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22355/exaequo.2019.40.01
Istanbul Convention (2011). Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence. Available at: https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/210 (accessed on 3rd, March, 2020).
Merrill, B & Puigvert, L (2001). Discounting other Women, in Researching Widening Access – International Perspectives, Conference Proceedings, CRLL, Glasgow, Glasgow Caledonian University
Ollagnier, E. (2014). Femmes et défis pour la formation des adultes. Un regard critique non-conformiste, Paris, L'Harmattan.
Ostrouch-Kami?ska J., & Vieira C. C. (2016). Gender sensitive adult education: Critical perspective, Revista Portuguesa de Pedagogia, 50(1), 37-56.
Platform of Beijing (1995). Fourth World Conference on Women. Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action. Available at: https://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/beijing/platform/ (accessed on 28th, February, 2020).
Skeggs, B (1997). Formations of Class and Gender, London, Sage
Smith, D. (1987). Women’s Perspective as a Radical Critique of Sociology in Harding, S. (ed.) Feminism and Social Theory, Milton Keynes, Open University Press, pp84 - 96
Sustainable Development Goals (2015). Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Available at: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/post2015/transformingourworld (accessed on 28th, February, 2020).
Ubieta, C, Henriques, F., & Toldy, T. (2018). A ‘ideologia de género’ da Igreja Católica. ex aequo, 37, 9-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22355/exaequo.2018.37.01
Verloo, M. (2007). Multiple meanings of gender equality: a critical frame analysis of gender policies in Europe. Budapest: CEU Press.
Vieira, C. C. (2012). Gender dimensions in Portuguese academia: an erratic relationship between political intentions and curricula priorities. In J. Ostrouch-Kami?ska, Ch. Fontanini & S. Gaynard (Eds.) Considering gender in adult learning and in academia: (in)visible act (pp. 79-87). Wroc?aw: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Dolno?l?skiej Szko?y Wy?szej.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Joanna Ostrouch-Kami?ska , Cristina C. Vieira , Barbara Merrill
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
As RELA is an open access journal, this means that anyone who can access the Internet can freely download and read the journal. There are no commercial interests for Linköping University Electronic Press or the European Society for Research on the Education of Adults (ESREA) in publishing the journal. There are no charges for publishing authors.
The core idea of open access is that copyright remains with the author(s). However, we publish with the agreement of the author that if she or he decides later to publish the article elsewhere, that the publisher will be notified, prior to any acceptance, that the article has already been published by RELA.
When publishing with RELA, it is with the agreement of the author that if they make their article available elsewhere on the internet (for example, on their own website or an institutional website), that they will do so by making a link to the article as published in RELA using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number of the article and acknowledge in the text of the site that the article has been previously published in RELA.